Work Area: Vertical Restraints

Austria fines backpack maker for RPM and online sales ban

Austria’s Cartel Court has imposed a fine on a school bag manufacturer for vertical price-fixing policies lasting over seven years as well as restricting its dealers from making online sales.

03 August 2021

Italy rejects taxi cooperative’s justification of non-competes

Italy’s Competition Authority has accused a taxi cooperative of not even attempting to comply with a 2018 decision ordering it to remove non-compete obligations imposed on its drivers.

03 August 2021

UK’s electric car charging study jumpstarts antitrust probe

The UK’s antitrust enforcer is investigating exclusivity agreements between an electric vehicle charging provider and three major UK service station operators, after a market study found a lack of chargepoints may prevent drivers from switching to electric cars.

23 July 2021

France fines eyewear companies €126 million for vertical restraints

Luxottica, Chanel, LMVH and Logo unlawfully restricted how retailers set prices for their branded eyewear products and also banned online sales, France’s Competition Authority has said, although Luxottica is set to pay 99% of the €125.8 million penalties imposed.

22 July 2021

EU closes airline ticket sales MFN probe

The European Commission has dropped its investigation into airline ticket distribution systems Amadeus and Sabre because it could not find enough evidence that the parity clauses they imposed on airlines and travel agents restricted competition.

19 July 2021

EU unveils revised VBER

The European Commission has published its draft updated vertical block exemption regulation and related guidelines after almost three years of consultation and review.

09 July 2021

Dutch enforcer ends payment apps probe over legal barriers

The Dutch antitrust watchdog has closed an investigation into payment applications on smartphones, lamenting that it is unable to remedy its competition concerns under EU regulation.

05 July 2021

Spain probes Amazon and Apple over online marketplace restrictions

Spain’s antitrust enforcer is investigating Amazon and Apple for allegedly agreeing on various commercial restrictions affecting both retailers and advertisers on Amazon’s online marketplace.

02 July 2021

WATCH: GCR Connect: Germany

GCR Connect: Germany took place on 20 May. A full recording is now available to watch.

30 June 2021

Malaysian enforcer slams vertical agreements in automotive sector

Vertical agreements between car manufacturers and insurance companies are causing competition foreclosure in the accident repair market, Malaysia’s competition authority has found.

22 June 2021

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