The European, Middle Eastern and African Antitrust Review 2019

European Union: Cartels and Leniency

As of March 2018, cartel fines imposed by the European Commission (Commission) have totalled just over €800 million in 2018. The Commission has therefore continued in its policy of investigating cartels and imposing deterrent fines, though its highest cartel fine imposed to date is still in its 2016 Trucks decision.1 In addition, there have been further developments in the past year regarding the implementation and interpretation of the EU Damages Directive (Directive),2 the Commission’s use and EU General Court’s interpretation of the settlement procedure, and legislative proposals in relation to both leniency and the role of algorithms in cartel enforcement. This chapter will address each of these developments in turn, as well as discussing:

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