Moldova is a small country that started its way to a market economy about 25 years ago. The country's competition environment is determined by its being drawn from a past with a planned economy, and the fact that it is a small economy. It has all the characteristics specific to low-income countries. The economies of new and small countries have emerging markets with small dimensions, monopolies, dominance of markets influence, high entry barriers , etc. The small internal market generates the amplification of several shortcomings in the competition area, especially if the small country comes from the break-up of a totalitarian state, such as the Soviet Union.