Just a few years ago private enforcement of antitrust law was not so common in France. But this is rapidly changing. Undoubtedly the discussions on the Directive on Actions for Damages under National Law (Directive)1 and its adoption in 2014 following the introduction of the class action into French law by the Consumer Protection Law No. 2014-344 (Hamon Law) of 17 March 2014 have encouraged victims to sue undertakings whose abuse of a dominant position or participation in a cartel have resulted in excessive prices or market foreclosure. Moreover, even though member states have until 27 December 2016 to transpose the Directive, its provisions are likely to influence French courts’ rulings.