The European Antitrust Review 2016

European Union: Energy

The energy sector has witnessed important developments in the area of EU competition law in the course of the past year.1 These developments demonstrate the importance of EU competition rules in attaining the objectives contained in article 194 of the Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union (TFEU). During the past few months, the Commission has adopted several high-profile decisions to enforce competition law under articles 101 and/or 102 TFEU, some of which have had far-reaching consequences for the structure of the energy markets involved. In addition, the Commission has concluded important state aid procedures and issued new rules on state aid affecting energy markets. The present chapter will review the main cases regarding oil and gas, coal, nuclear and renewable energy sources, but also electricity and other energy infrastructures, as well as energy-related services such as power exchanges.

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