AG Bobek: cartels can be simultaneous by-object and by-effect infringements

Charley Connor

06 September 2019

AG Bobek: cartels can be simultaneous by-object and by-effect infringements

Credit: fuchs-photography/iStock

An advocate general at the European Court of Justice has confirmed that a cartel agreement can constitute both a by-object and by-effect restriction of competition, but stressed that such a finding is “no licence for vagueness” in enforcers’ analyses.