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Which authority is responsible for oversight of national state aid, in particular the notification of aid measures to the European Commission and the monitoring of the compliance of national measures with EU state aid rules and decisions?
What are the competences and investigatory, enforcement and supervisory powers of the national authority responsible for state aid control and what is the legal basis for these powers? Can it grant interim measures?
Do the national authorities accept state aid complaints made by competitors, or other interested parties? How would they handle a competitor complaint? Do limitation periods apply?
Does the national state aid authority regularly cooperate or exchange information with authorities from other member states?
Who represents your country in state aid proceedings before the European Commission? Does this authority have specific investigatory powers?
Who represents your country in state aid proceedings before the EU courts?
Is there a national register or other central source of data on national aid measures? Are the various state aid reports, complaints, decisions, etc, published?
Describe recent developments regarding state aid cases before national authorities.
Do national provisions regarding the application or enforcement of EU state aid rules exist?
What national laws or other provisions exist that implement EU state aid rules, in particular EU guidelines?
Do national rules or guidelines exist regarding the application for, and the granting of, state support?
How is the concept of 'service of general economic interest' (SGEI) defined on the national level? Did the definition recently lead to disputes, and, if so, how was the dispute adjudicated?
Do any studies on national enforcement of EU state aid rules exist? Describe the main subjects and results of these studies.
List any other rules or actions at the national level that implement and enforce EU state aid rules.
Must or may all national courts apply state aid rules? Or is specific jurisdiction for state aid cases exercised by dedicated national courts?
Is there a right to appeal against a national judgment on state aid? What are the grounds and which court hears appeals? Does such appeal entail a suspension of an eventual obligation to recover the aid?
Do national courts traditionally refer questions regarding the interpretation of EU state aid rules to the Court of Justice?
Describe recent developments regarding state aid cases before national courts.
Can a government measure be challenged in court directly on the grounds of illegal state aid? Is there a preliminary administrative review procedure (and if so describe it)?
Who has legal standing to challenge government measures in court for alleged illegal state aid?
May national authorities argue in national court proceedings that a particular measure contains illegal state aid?
Do specific limitation periods apply for any party in a national court procedure invoking illegality under state aid rules?
Can a national court proceeding be brought in parallel to an investigation by the European Commission or a national authority? Under which circumstances will a national court stay proceedings pending a Commission procedure? And what are the consequences for national courts if the European Commission already came to the preliminary conclusion in the opening decision that the measure constitutes incompatible state aid?
What is the burden of proof in state aid cases before national courts?
Can the plaintiff seek interim measures from the courts, in particular to prevent the grant of aid? In what form and under what circumstances is interim relief granted?
What would the national court decide if it found a non-notified measure to contain state aid?
Can a national court order the recovery of non-notified state aid?
What would a national court decide if it found a measure to contain aid, but saw grounds for the compatibility of such aid with the internal market?
Would the national court necessarily declare a guarantee invalid if it secures a loan constituting aid and was granted in breach of article 108(3) TFEU (standstill obligation)? Does it make a difference if the only aid beneficiary is the borrower and not the lender?
Can a competitor of the beneficiary or other affected third parties claim compensation for damages caused by the aid from the authority granting the state aid? Can a third party claim compensation for damages caused by failure to respect the standstill obligation?
Under national law, can a third party bring damages actions against the beneficiary?
What are the consequences of a violation of EU state aid rules for the validity and enforceability of the aid measure under national law? Are the consequences the same for unlawful aid that was not notified to the Commission and aid that the Commission has finally regarded as incompatible with the common market?
What are the consequences of a violation of EU state aid rules for the validity of a government regulation or contract containing the aid measure, and for subsequent regulations or contracts linked to the aid measure? Are the consequences the same for unlawful aid that was not notified to the Commission and aid that the Commission has finally regarded as incompatible with the common market?
Describe the major state aid investigations opened by the Commission against your country over the past 12 months. State whether these investigations were specific to your country or part of a broader investigation into several member states.
Has the Commission suggested appropriate measures concerning existing aid measures in your country over the last 12 months?
Has the Commission ever opened specific investigations against your country following a sector inquiry?
Has your country ever been subject to an injunction by the Commission to suspend or provisionally recover aid?
Has your country ever been subject to an infringement procedure under article 108(2) TFEU?
Has the European Commission ever undertaken on-site state aid monitoring visits based on article 22 of Council Regulation (EC) No. 659/1999 (Procedural Regulation)? How were the visits carried out? What measures were taken to assist the officials and experts carrying out the visit?
Which national authority orders the recovery of state aid following a Commission decision, a national authority decision or an enforceable judgment by a national court?
What legal or administrative actions are contemplated in the national law for the recovery of unlawful or incompatible state aid?
What actions are available to the national recovering authority seeking to force an unwilling beneficiary to refund the unlawful and incompatible state aid?
Can an action be brought in national courts to challenge the validity of the national recovery order implementing the Commission's recovery decision or suspend the recovery order pending a final decision on validity?
Can third parties force national authorities to recover or claim damages from national authorities for failure to implement a recovery decision by the European Commission?
What defences by beneficiaries against recovery have been accepted by national authorities or courts?
What is the situation under national law if recovery was ordered by a national court owing to the violation of the standstill obligation but the aid is later declared compatible with the common market by the European Commission?
Which sectors have received the highest amounts of aid in the past five years?
Provide information on amounts of state aid paid out under approved state aid schemes and individually approved state aid for the past five years.
Provide information on any other special features of your country's state aid regime not covered above.
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