Czech Republic: Overview

Regulatory framework The existence of post-communist competition law in the Czech Republic dates from 1 March 1991, when the Act on the Protection of Competition No. 63/1991 became effective. This Act had its origin in the competition law of the European Communities and took some principles from other national competition laws, particularly the German one. It included three basic provisions: the prohibition of cartels; the prohibition of the abuse of a dominant position; and the duty to notify mergers and have them cleared.