Germany: Cartels

Germany has a long tradition of enforcing the prohibition of cartels and for decades had its own cartel regulation regime. Since 2007, the relevant cartel provisions of the German Act against Restraints of Competition (ARC) have been aligned with article 101 of the Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union (TFEU). Substantive differences between German and EU antitrust rules continue to exist in the area of dominance.