Germany: Abuse of Dominance

In Germany, unilateral conduct of a dominant undertaking is restricted by sections 19 and 20 of the Act against Restrains of Competition (ARC). Furthermore, article 102 of the Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union (TFEU) is also directly applicable in Germany according to article 3(1) EC Regulation 1/2003 and section 22(3) ARC.